Treatment

Treatment Admissions and Clients in LAC

A growing number of persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) have been receiving treatment for substance use disorder (SUD) across all publicly funded SUD programs in LAC. Treatment admissions among PEH increased from 10,237 (13.8%) in FY1213 to 18,722 (35.0%) in FY2122, with an overall total of xxx admissions across all years. The number of unique clients also increased from 8,900 (14.9%) patients in FY1213 to 11,464 (33.9%) patients in FY2122.

Demographics and Characteristics

From FY1891 to FY2122, adults aged 26-34 years (37%) accounted for the largest proportion of PEH admitted to publicly funded SUD programs in LAC, followed by adults aged 35-44 years (26%) (Figure 3).

PEH adults aged 26-34 years consistently accounted for the largest proportion of those admitted from FY1819 to FY2122 (Figure 4).

From FY1819 to FY21221, over half (64%) of PEH admitted to publicly funded SUD programs were male. Since FY1819, the gap between genders gradually increased, leading to over double the amount of admissions among male PEH compared to females (Figures 5-6).

Nearly half (49%) of PEH admitted to SUD treatment in FY1819 to FY2122 were Latinx, accounting for the largest proportion of PEH at admissions, followed by Whites (29%), Black/African Americans (18%), and other racial/ethnic groups (Figure 7).

PEH patients who were Latinx consistently comprised the largest proportion of those admitted to SUD treatment during FY1819 to FY2122.  Following FY2021, admissions to SUD treatment in LAC increased for all racial/ethnic groups, except other race (Figure 8).

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Admissions by Geography

Primary Substance Used

Methamphetamine consistently was the most common primary substance used among PEH between FY1213 and FY2122. Heroin was the second most reported substance used at admission from FY1213-FY1718, but reported use of heroin had declined following FY1617 and was surpassed by alcohol in FY1819. Since FY1819, alcohol has remained the second most reported substance used by PEH. In FY2122, reported use for all substances had decreased, except for alcohol and prescription drugs which had an increase in reported use during that year.

Stable Housing at Discharge

The number of PEH finding stable housing at discharge gradually increased each year between FY1819 and FY2122. The percent of those finding housing increased by 114% from 14.9% (FY1819) to 31.9% in FY2122.

References

Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System data. Substance Abuse Prevention and Control, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.